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CNC MACHINING VS SLA AND SLS


Posted on: Nov 8, 2017 | By Steve, WayKen Project Manager

CNC machining is very common in rapid manufacturing industry. From plastic parts to metal parts, it can be seen anywhere. Before we jump to the topic, let me briefly show you the pros and cons of different technologies.

The advantages of CNC machining as below:

  1. When it comes to complex shaped parts, only less machining tools are needed. If you want to change the shape and size of parts, just modify the programming procedures of parts, it is suitable for new product development and modification.
  2. With Stable quality, high precision and high repetition accuracy, CNC machining can be widely used in many areas, even in aerospace industry with so many strict standards.
  3. In terms of multiple types and low-volume production, CNC machining has higher production efficiency which can reduce the time in your prepare stage such as machine tool adjustment and the process inspection.
  4. Even the complex and some unobservant parts are possible to machining which can’t be achieved in the traditional way.

However, CNC machining can’t deal with tool presetting and special shape parts.

Rapid prototyping was first introduced in the late 1980s, as a high-tech manufacturing technology based on the additive manufacturing, it’s considered to be a major achievement in the manufacturing sector in the past 20 years. SLA and SLS are mainly used in Rapid prototyping.

SLA is Stereo Lithography Apparatus. Stereo lithography is an additive manufacturing process that works by focusing an ultraviolet (UV) laser on to a vat of photopolymer resin. With the help of computer aided manufacturing or computer aided design(CAM/CAD) software, the UV laser is used to draw a pre-programmed design or shape on to the surface of the photopolymer. Photopolymers are sensitive to ultraviolet light, so the resin is photo chemically solidified and forms a single layer of the desired 3D object. This process is repeated for each layer of the design until the 3D object is complete. SLA has the advantages of rapid forming speed, high degree of automation, forming any complex shape and high dimensional accuracy, and is mainly applied to the rapid prototyping of complex and high-precision fine work pieces.

SLS is Selective Laser Sintering. SLS involves the use of a high power laser (for example, a carbon dioxide laser) to fuse small particles of plastic, metal, ceramic, or glass powders into a mass that has a desired three-dimensional shape. The laser selectively fuses powdered material by scanning cross-sections generated from a 3D digital description of the part (for example from a CAD file or scan data) on the surface of a powder bed. After each cross-section is scanned, the powder bed is lowered by one layer thickness, a new layer of material is applied on top, and the process is repeated until the part is completed. The method has the advantages of simple manufacturing process, wide selection of materials, low cost and fast forming speed.

Comparing to CNC machining, SLS and SLA has some drawbacks. The strength and accuracy of the parts by SLA AND ALS is not as good as CNC. RP technology is a good choice for low-cost and high-efficiency prototypes, while demand of higher intensity and accuracy you should try CNC machining. It depends on the circumstances, finding out your best solution thus to create the best prototype.

WayKen Rapid Manufacturing offers several rapid prototyping technologies, including SLA and SLS, 3D printing, vacuum casting, rapid injection molding, and CNC machining of both metal and plastic. Our facilities comprise 20,000 square feet in total. More than 60 employees work for the company, each with a wealth of experience in rapid prototyping. WayKen emphasizes its ability to help customers at every stage of product development.

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